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A Novel Pairing-Free Lightweight Authentication Protocol for Mobile Cloud Computing Framework

A Novel Pairing-Free Lightweight Authentication Protocol for Mobile Cloud Computing Framework

ABSTRACT:

The mobile cloud computing (MCC) refers to an infrastructure that integrates cloud computing and mobile computing, and it has changed a great deal, the service provisioning of applications, which requires to get the data processed after collection from vast sensor and Internet-of-Things-based network. The ever increasing number of handheld mobile gadgets has exacerbated the need for robust and efficient authenticated key agreements. We could witness a number of MCC-based multiserver authentication schemes lately to foster the secure adaptation of the technology; however, the demonstrated solutions are either insecure or employing too costly bilinear pairing operations for implementation. In view of limitations, as illustrated in previous studies, we propose a novel pairing-free multiserver authentication protocol for MCC environment based on an elliptic curve cryptosystem that is not only efficient, but also free from security loopholes as demonstrated. The performance evaluation section discusses and distinguishes the findings among latest studies. The strength of the contributed scheme is proved theoretically under formal security model.

INTRODUCTION:

THE mobile cloud computing (MCC) framework lets the mobile users benefit from rich computational capabilities seamlessly, irrespective of the limited resources of mobile gadgets. The MCC might serve as a potential model for future mobile applications requiring instant feedback and processing from massive data produced of Internet-of-Things (IoT) and wireless sensor network based nodes on the field. The mobile devices are becoming more popular and offering people with convenience. The MCC platform enables mobile users n accessing Internet during mobility, and in turn lets them surmount the obstacles in the way of achieving efficiency and performance. To avail quality multimedia services on demand, the mobile gadgets may fall short of computing and memory resources. This may be a bottleneck for applications whose dynamic needs scale abruptly. In most desktop applications, these shortcomings can be settled with cloud computing that works on the principle of utility computing. However, the demands of running applications for mobile devices are not well addressed by cloud computing. To bridge the gap, a technology framework integrating mobile computing and cloud computing, as termed MCC, has emerged recently that provides cheap, incessant, and on-the-spot services to mobile users. The basic motivation for MCC is to provide quality services to resource-constrained mobile clients. However, unlike cloud computing, it is difficult to secure MCC environment for its total reliance on insecure wireless technology. Thus, the security challenges, particularly user authentication in MCC, are getting spotlight of research community for few years. The multiserver authentication (MSA) in MCC not only endorse the mobile user’s authenticity to various servers using a single password, but also helps unleashing the mobile user of the hassle of performing multiple servers’ registrations. To achieve this, some authors presented bilinear pairing–based MSA schemes for MCC, however with high computation cost for costly pairing operations. Some of the schemes also bear high communication cost, which should be less in MCC due to power constraint of low-end gadgets. Hence, a secure and efficient MSA-based scheme is required for MCC framework that relies minimally on pairing operations for mutual authentication between user and server, leading to reduced communication in mutual authentication phase.

EXISTING SYSTEM:

More recently, IoT and cyber-physical system-based cloud computing schemes were introduced; however, these schemes were computation intensive or employed costly pairing operations besides solving other problems.

DISADVANTAGES:

However, the demands of running applications for mobile devices are not well addressed by cloud computing.

PROPOSED SYSTEM:

we propose a novel pairing-free multiserver authentication protocol for MCC environment based on an elliptic curve cryptosystem that is not only efficient, but also free from security loopholes as demonstrated. The performance evaluation section discusses and distinguishes the findings among latest studies. The strength of the contributed scheme is proved theoretically under formal security model.

ADVANTAGES:

The basic motivation for MCC is to provide quality services to resource-constrained mobile clients.

SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE DIAGRAM:

CONCLUSION:

The security hazards have become an impediment in the way of adapting MCC paradigm. To secure the MCC environment, many schemes have been demonstrated lately in order to meet the dynamic needs of mobile users for resources. The schemes either have security loopholes or being inefficient on account of costly pairing-based implementations. To defy the identified limitations, we proposed a novel pairing-free MSA protocol for MCC environment that is far efficient than other contemporary schemes. The proposed scheme not only provides computational cost efficiency but also preserves the features of costly pairing schemes, such as achieving secure mutual authentication, anonymity, scalability etc. The SFs are supported with rigorous and formal theoretical analysis.

REFERENCE:

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[7] L. H Li, I. C Lin, and M. S Hwang, “A remote password authentication scheme for multiserver architecture using neural networks,” IEEE Trans. Neural Netw., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1498–1504, Nov. 2001.

[8] I. C. Lin, M. S. Hwang, and L. H. Li, “A new remote user authentication scheme for multi-server architecture,” Future Gener. Comput. Syst., vol. 1, no. 19, pp. 13–22, 2003.

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March 17, 2022

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