AUTOMATED VEHICLE PARKING SYSTEM USING SMART CARD-SMART CARD & MIFARE READER

AUTOMATED VEHICLE PARKING SYSTEM USING SMART CARD

Smart cards have been around for a while now and it has been mainly used to store some kind of monetary value. Currently smart cards can be seen in the transportation, telecommunication and retail sectors. This project aims to design a vehicle parking card system using smart card technology that can be usable in the transportation, retail and educational sectors. The smart card will be used as means for identification, security and cash. 

This project is an innovative electronic parking payment system that provides the ultimate solution for drivers, municipalities and private parking lot owners. This enables the drivers to be charged for the exact period of time parked, while simplifying the monitoring and collection of parking fees. This powerful smart card functions as an in vehicle parking meter, eliminating the need to search for coins when finding a parking place. This project also provides an efficient alternative to coin-operated meters and pay and display ticketing systems. Simple and cost-effective to implement, this project operates as a stand-alone system or alongside traditional parking payment systems to eliminate fraud and reduce cash handling. 

In general, a smart card is an integrated circuit card with memory capable of making decisions. A smart card, chip card or integrated circuit card (ICC), is defined as any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits which can process information. In this project, we are using a contact smart card where the information inside the card is communicated with the card reader by inserting card into the card reader. The card reader in this project used is an SR-90 SDK of 1KB memory size.

Every driver owns his vehicle parking card. This card contains the amount for the parking fares. The smart card readers will be fixed everywhere in the card parking centers. If a person wants to park his vehicle in the parking center, he has to insert his parking smart card into the reader before parking. The reader reads the in time of the vehicle and passes the data to the microcontroller. When the vehicle is leaving the parking center, the driver once again has to insert his card so that the reader records the out time now. Checking the in and out times, the controller calculates the parking fare and automatically deducts this amount from the driver parking card.  If the balance is low in the card, a buzzer alert will be indicated and the user has to recharge the card for the parking fares. The amount of balance deducted will be visualized on LCD display.

SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE TOOLS:

Software Tools:

  1. Keil IDE
  2. Orcad.
  3. ProgISP

Hardware Tools:

  1. Microcontroller AT89S52.
  2. 24c04 as a smart card
  3. LCD
  4. Buzzer and driver circuit
  5. Switches

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