Intelligent Fire extinguisher vehicle-Robotics

Intelligent Fire extinguisher vehicle

For many people, robot is a machine that imitates a human like the androids in Star Wars, Terminator and Star Trek: The Next Generation. However much these robots capture our imagination, such robots still only inhabit Science Fiction. People still haven’t been able to give a robot enough ‘common sense’ to reliably interact with a dynamic world. 

The types of robots that we will encounter most frequently are the robots that do work that is too dangerous, boring, onerous or just plain nasty. Most of the robots in the world are of this type. They can be found in auto, medical, manufacturing and space industries. In fact, there are over a million of these types of robots working for us today.

Robot exactly, is a system that contains sensors, control systems, manipulators, power supplies and software all working together to perform a task. Designing, building, programming and testing a robot is a combination of physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, structural engineering, mathematics and computing.

The need for a device that can detect and extinguish a fire on its own is long past due. Many house fires originate when someone is either sleeping or not home. With the invention of such a device, people and property can be saved at a much higher rate with relatively minimal damage caused by the fire. Our task as electrical engineers was to design and build a prototype system that could autonomously detect and extinguish a fire. Also aims at minimizing air pollution. 

It is the Robot that can move through a model structure, find an oilfield and then extinguish it with help of a Blower. This is meant to simulate the real world operation of a Robot performing a fire extinguishing function in an oilfield. The Popular 8 bit Microcontroller of the 8051 family is used as the entire controlling part. 


Software Tools:

  1. Keil compiler
  2. Orcad.

Hardware Tools:

  1. Microcontroller AT89S52.
  2. Fire sensor.
  3. DC motors and L293D for Robot.
  4. Blower.

Block diagram